UN Sustainable Development meeting fails to reach consensus
The Commission on Sustainable Development is a UN body that emerged from Agenda 21, the program of action for sustainable development adopted in June 1992 at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro. The Commission is tasked with encouraging international cooperation in the implementation of Agenda 21 at the local, national, regional and international levels.
But the 15th annual meeting of the Commission that ended at UN Headquarters on Friday demonstrated divisiveness, not cooperation.
The Kyoto climate protocol proved to be a major stumbling block to agreement. The European Union stressed the urgent need for an agreement that continues the Kyoto system of legally binding greenhouse gas emissions cuts past 2012 when the current protocol expires.
Australia, Canada and the United States emphasized instead the processes to deal with greenhouse gas emissions under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change that do not include legally binding emissions cuts.
While Canada has signed and ratified the Kyoto Protocol to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, the federal government has indicated that Canada cannot meet its targets.
On Friday night, the Group of 77 and China, the United States, Canada and Mexico agreed to a last minute text offered by Commission Chair Abdullah bin Hamad Al-Attiyah, Qatar’s deputy prime minister and minister of energy and industry.
But the European Union and Switzerland rejected the chair’s text, saying that it did not address the challenges, meet world expectations or add value.
The European Union strongly supports time-bound targets for renewable energy and the integration of energy policies into national planning by 2010.
Support for a review arrangement for energy issues within the Commission and an international agreement on energy efficiency was also high on the EU agenda.
But objections were raised by Australia, Canada, Japan, the United States and other developed countries to the review mechanism idea, so no agreement was reached.
The issue of nuclear power as a part of a sustainable energy mix was favoured by Algeria, Argentina, Chile, Pakistan and others, but the EU and the Association of Small Island States were opposed, so no language was agreed on nuclear energy.
The EU considers these as essential elements on the way to achieving the UN’s Millennium Development Goals.
“The challenges posed by climate change, energy security, and air pollution are now seen more clearly than five years ago. They require strengthened and more ambitious, international policy commitments. It is unfortunate that the CSD 15 was unable to deliver,” said Stavros Dimas, European Commissioner for the Environment.
The failure of the Commission to agree on a way forward puts the upcoming international climate negotations in Bali in December on thin ice. Several government delegates to the high-level portion of the Commission’s meeting said that failure in Bali is not an option. But in view of the dissension over the past two weeks in New York, agreement in Bali appears unlikely.
The next chance for major nations to build consensus on climate change will come at a meeting of the G8 industrialised countries plus China, India, Brazil, South Africa and Mexico this June in Germany. German Chancellor and G8 president Angela Merkel has selected energy security and climate change as her top two priorities for the G8 summit.
For More Information: United Nations